The Victoria Feeds - Horse & Hound offer the agriculture community one of the largest product lines of pet food/supplies, milled feeds, livestock feeds-both bulk and bag, minerals and supplements, fencing and other agriculture supplies and now a large selection of quality English and Western tack and clothing.
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Animal Farm (English title: Animal farm) is a satirical fable written by George Orwell in 1945 on a farm where animals take power and form their own government, which will evolve into a brutal tyranny.
The main theme of the play is the abuse of power, and how it corrupts those who possess it, leading to greed, discrimination and betrayal. Thus, Rebelion pigs on the farm use their power to manipulate and deceive other animals and secure their hold on them.
Animal Farm also is a strong criticism of the government of the USSR and is generally considered a fable describing the failures of communism .
After the Second World War , respect for Russian communism as a form of government had grown considerably, and George Orwell tried to show through his book that Russia was not a real socialist society, but a ruthless tyranny.
Despite this, given the open and universal character of his message, the fable transcends that framework and is an effective critique of corruption that involves the abuse of power in any society.
Also addresses the criticism against the totalitarianism of any kind (frequent theme in the works of George Orwell) and examines the movement and manipulation of historical truth suffers in times of political transformation.
Another frequent theme in the work of George Orwell and will be present in Animal Farm is the use of force and violence as a means of social control, as seen in Chapter VII of the book, which describes the Persecution and the extermination of internal opposition within the farm.
It is important to know the historical events surrounding the establishment of the USSR to appreciate the satire that makes George Orwell on the degeneration of the Russian Revolution in tyranny and its protagonists.
In 1917 the call is initiated Russian Revolution that led to the fall of the government of Czar Nicholas II , and the establishment of communism in Russia (which was renamed the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics , or USSR from 1922). This regime lasted until 1991.
Leaders of the Revolution were Ulyanov Vladimir Ilyich (better known as Lenin ) and Leon Trotsky , who took power by force of arms, and established a workers ‘ state under the dictatorship of the proletariat , based on the ideals of Marxism And the elimination of private property.
However, after the death of Lenin, Joseph Stalin took control of the USSR and the Communist Party of the Soviet Union by establishing a model of reform from above and “socialism in one country” to the detriment of the theory of permanent revolution Of Trotsky.
George Orwell knew about the Communist Party and its doctrines and knew what was going on in Russia. However, at that time the criticisms of Soviet communism were not popular, because the USSR was considered a bulwark against Nazism , and maintained good relations with the British government.
Animal Farm was written during World War II , was published in 1945, but became known by the public until the end of the 50 ‘s
Animal Farm is considered one of the most important novels of the twentieth century. It has been translated into fifteen languages and was chosen among the top 100 English – language novels by Time magazine, besides winning the Hugo retrospectively fantasy literature prize in 1996.
The play has been adapted twice. In 1954 a British animated version directed by Halas and Batchelor was realized, and in 1999 a film for television with real image, directed by Joseph Stephenson was realized.
Summary of the Farm Rebellion plot
The book tells the story of the Manor farm whose owner, Mr. Jones , is fond of drink and neglected animals.
They gather to hear the speech that considered the wisest animal farm, the pig Old Major .
Mayor tells them of his dream of freedom where all animals are equal and have the same rights and tells them to get that dream, must get rid of the oppressive yoke of humans.
In his speech, Mayor teaches an old song from his childhood, “Beasts of England” which speaks of a world in which animals are free, and not have to work for humans.
After the speech, the pigs make a vote, where they decide that all animals are friends, and man, enemy.
One day after Mr. Jones stop feeding, the animals rebel and there ‘s a fight on the farm.
After the victory, the animals are organized under Old Major’s ideas, which they call “Animalism” and pigs are established as leaders.
Whatever goes upon two legs is an enemy.
In the beginning everything works better than before. The animals work longer because they are not slaves, they know they will enjoy the fruits of their work and have a good harvest .
An attack then occurs to the farm by the Mr. Jones , he wants it back. The animals defend themselves and stop the attack. Boxer , strong workhorse, and Snowball receive medals for bravery in battle.
However, they soon begin fighting for power between Napoleon and Snowball .
On the one hand, Snowball wants to build a windmill for electricity there on the farm. Napoleon opposes and during the meeting organized by Snowball to explain his plan to the other animals, Napoleon , who raised the farm dogs to obey, the spear on him with intent to kill, but Snowball escapes and flees the farm.
In the following year, Napoleon becomes a real dictator, using dogs as their personal police against anyone who opposes him, and increasingly breaking the commandments that started the revolution.
The tyranny of Napoleon increases to the point of forcing innocent people to “confess” false treason and do kill their dogs before all the farm animals. Then he and the other pigs start sleeping in beds and drinking alcohol.
After the mill is completed, the farm is under attack by the neighboring farmer Frederick , with whom Napoleon had been trading.
The years pass and Animal Farm expands with purchase of Napoleon two fields to a neighboring farmer, Pilkington. However life for non-pig animals is getting tougher, as these will carry the best food, and all the amenities.
The pigs soon begin to walk on two legs, imitating humans, and wear human clothing. The ancient commandments have disappeared and been reduced to a single law:
“All animals are equal but some are more equal than others”
The novel ends with Pilkington and pigs drinking in the house Jones. Napoleon has changed the name of the farm Manor Farm and plays cards with Pilkington , both trying to make traps each other.
The rest of the animals look out the window, and are unable to distinguish pigs from humans.
Rebellion characters on the farm
The main characters of this novel are the following:
He is a wise pig who wanted a world where animals lived with dignity. The rebellion of the animals is based on his ideas, but he dies before seeing his triumph.
It is the other aspiring leader of the farm, bright, brave and full of projects is often compared him with Leon Trotsky , who led the Red Army in the USSR, like Snowball leads the animals against farmer Jones .
He is one of the pigs, of strong personality and that tends to get his way.
One of the pigs that becomes the lieutenant and spokesman of Napoleon.
A working horse, strong and dedicated, he serves with all his being to the revolution of animals, only to be sold by Napoleon to a factory of glue after dying of pure exhaustion working to rebuild the mill.
Boxer would represent the proletariat of Russia, the workers who were supposed to be the soul of the revolution and who for George Orwell would have been deceived and betrayed by the leaders of the communist party.
It is the mare that was responsible for pulling Mr. Jones’s car. Pretentious and superficial, prefers ties and sugar before revolutionary ideas, and finally leaves the farm with the promise of a more pleasant life.
It represents the middle class of Russia, who accepted the excesses of the government in order to maintain a privileged position.
She is a shooting mare, friend of Boxer and that tries to help to him when it falls surrendered of exhaustion.
He’s an ass, friend of Boxer. Cynical and pessimistic, he does not believe in the Revolution.
Paula Hawkins’ novel & Dogs
At first there are three dogs on the farm, Bluebell, Jessie, and Pincher.
Moses the Raven
It was Mr. Jones’s pet, and tells stories to the animals about a paradisiacal land called “Monte azucar”, to which animals go when they die, and where there is no suffering.
Sheep and chickens
They are the majority of the farm and represent the Russian peasantry, 85% of the population. They are characterized by being stupid and totally uncritical about the measurements of pigs. Although the Russian peasantry can not be regarded as stupid, it is true that most of them were an illiterate and de-ideologized population.
The owner of the farm Manor, drinker and neglected with the farm, is expelled of the same by his own animals.
Frederick and Pilkington
They are the other farmers, and represent Adolf Hitler and Winston Churchill , respectively. As farmers respect to farm animals for their prosperity and strength, but deep down they hate the world around the USSR, admired its economic progress and feared military power, although most of Europe and USA Were opposed to communism.
Commentary on Rebellion on the Farm
Animal Farm belongs to the literary genre of the narrative , and is usually included in the subgenus of fable or allegory, but is also considered a political satire .
A fable level of the work has a strong educational character , and warning about the dangers of abuse of power. At the level of satire, it is an obvious criticism of the Russian Revolution and its protagonists.
It consists of 10 chapters, and can be divided into two parts: the first bases of the revolution of the animals are narrated, since the introduction of the libertarian ideology by Mayor until the conquest of the farm.
George Orwell uses the resource to use animals as protagonists of history, traditional mechanism of fables to put distance between actual events and satirized, and so make the most of the possibilities humorous characters (tyrants are pigs, ignorant workers are represented with a donkey, etc.)
a constant throughout the work is the use of satirical humor , being cruel and ruthless in most of the characterizations, and most of the characters are ridiculous, stupid and / or evil, A frequent feature of the satire characters.
In addition, the work is a clear analysis of the corruption that breeds power, expressed in a simple and direct language, getting the message transcends the particular case of the Soviet regime and be understood by all readers, but does not know the history of the USSR .
Using metal rails and heavy sweaters, create a post of mechanic with four wheels that allows you to move around the school store, keep tools at hand. Craft a lower platform approximately twice the width of the seat surface. Make a second platform, large enough for a grown man to sit comfortably, and attach it to the center of the base. The end result allows the user to sit in the seat to a comfortable height and tool store on the platform below.
Sculpting a project welding metal bird bath is a great school that you can give as a gift or entered local competitions. Weld a stack of one meter a secure base before connecting a round metal disc on top of the pole. This is the area where water is stored for birds, so it must have a type of a recess to hold water. Complete bird bath with a creative twist with the addition of a sculpture of decorative metal sheets or rolls in the center of the tank.
Penne with animals
Personalized pens welding is a convenient option for farmers who need a safe place to keep small animals such as goats and sheep instead. Use an inch cutting metal tubes large enough for the pen size desired lengths. Weld three sides of the panels together and filling the openings with wire fencing panels horses. Create the doors in the same way to the pens with fixed hinges for easy access.
Decorative Door Handle barn
Add a little style ‘their barn doors with decorative metal handle. Using a square centimeter of metallic material, applying high heat and carefully twisting metal decoratively but utilitarian. Welding metal balls 1 inch from the top and bottom of the handle and use a means of short pieces of centimeters actions to ensure handle square metal plates used to hold the door handle. The size and shape of the handle can be changed to suit most any farm gate.
More information about welding, please visit safenclean.com.
Cleaning and disinfection are part of biosecurity programs implemented in swine facilities in order to prevent the entry, reverse the spread and minimize the risk that may pose a pathogen, both for animals and for farm staff.
Pig farms are permanently under the threat of entry and spread of pathogens. The explosion of an outbreak of an infectious disease, especially if it is a notifiable disease official statement, in addition to the commitment to its viability, is a source of risk for other animal species and even humans if the responsible agent is zoonotic.
Bacteria and fungi can survive, and some multiply on wet surfaces, especially if there is organic matter.While most bacteria are labile and fragile exceptions such as mycobacteria and sporulated bacilli resisting hostile conditions. Similarly, the behavior of pathogenic microorganisms against chemical compounds is variable, depending on the type of differences cell wall and spore forming ability. In any case, as with antibiotics, they have also been described resistances. Viruses, which are unique in their dependence on living cells, some are resistant to the environment and can survive long periods, as with parvovirus.
Until a few years ago, the practices we know today under the name comprehensive biosafety were not sufficiently valued. The professionalization of the production sectors and scientific studies demonstrating its utility sectors have made themselves and administrations include national programs, often mandatory for the control and eradication of many infectious diseases. Biosecurity includes a set of measures that are intended to prevent the entry of pathogens on a farm and, as the case may slow or prevent its spread in her and other neighbors, as well as minimize the risk (if any) for employees. The cleaning and disinfection practices are main part of the programs and every day more important.
Cleaning as a preliminary step
Cleaning and disinfection are inseparable phases of hygiene in pig farms. On farms are unusual circumstances (walls, floors and ceilings rough surface, abundance of organic matter, low temperatures, etc.) which represent limiting factors for the action of disinfectants, requiring minimize its negative effect to achieve favorable results. For this reason, pre-cleaning disinfection is critical in it.
As WHO (1994) noted, they can be considered two general systems for cleaning: dry and wet. In any case, the process begins by cleaning the fans (where they exist) and air intakes. After bedding and manure floor or cages are removed, without neglecting the corners, ribbons manure collection and final wells.equipment (cages, feeding, watering, etc.), collects the accumulated matter and all material outside the barn is transported dismantled. On the outside, over an area of concrete proceeds to washing with high pressure washing vancouver wa water, followed by drying and disinfection. Inside, brush, sweeps and vacuums to remove dust and dirt from ceilings, electrical installation, beams, cornices, walls, cages, parts of fans, air intakes and corridors, all in up-down and back -ahead. Fouling scratch by hand with a wire brush.
In order to save costs (labor and time), on farms cleaning with high pressure water cleaning in two phases often used, and soaked. Soaking is wetted with water (1L / m2, 1-2 h). Sometimes liquid detergents are added. In cleaning itself cleaners are used at pressures of 10-100 bar, at a distance not less than 40 cm from the surface. It is more effective than cold hot water. On wood or concrete surfaces, poor conductors, the optimum temperature is 40 ° C, while higher temperatures metal surfaces can be used, with best results if the application time on the surface is sufficiently long. The recommended flow is 600-800 l / h if cold water can reach 1,100. The use of pressurized water can generate secondary aerosols that cause hazardous situations if there has been an outbreak, particularly if zoonotic agents are involved, so precautions should be taken.
After cleaning, leave the plants dry. If devices are provided for this, heating and ventilation to facilitate water evaporation alternate. Drying reduces pollution, at least one log cycle, especially gram-negative microorganisms.
Depending on the type of material, cleaning can reduce 3 log or more of the total bacteria count, as they reduce the effective disinfectant, which means that under normal conditions, per cm2 of farms, can stay around 103 ufc, usually sporulated agents.
Disinfection and disinfectants
Disinfection process is capable of removing pathogenic microorganisms by chemical or physical agents.Usually sporulated forms survival allowed. A disinfectant is a biocide (Directive 98/8 / EC and RD 1054/2002). Disinfectants for veterinary hygiene correspond to the type of product (TP-3) within the main group 1. They are used in areas where they are housed, they kept or transported animals, to disinfect teats in cows, footwear and hatcheries. The TP-3 covering the use of disinfectants to control animal pathogens to prevent infectious diseases, to increase (indirectly) production and improve production and quality of products of animal origin.
The choice of disinfectant is important. In general, in the case of outbreaks of notifiable diseases, often pure substances of activity tested against the causative pathogen used, while non-specific preventive disinfection using commercial formulations of broad spectrum include various compounds or combinations and their effectiveness depends on the concentration of use. All recommendations should be based on laboratory data.
Disinfectants used in animal farms can be grouped into:
An ideal disinfectant should be: soluble in water, broad spectrum, active in the presence of organic, stable material, non-toxic, fast acting, with residual, penetrating, compatible with all materials action, which does not affect the environment, available and good value for cost-risk-benefit.
In general, for disinfecting a surface in a warehouse, it takes at least 0.4 l / m2 and equipment is recommended to add 30% more. The effectiveness of disinfection depends on the disinfectant and microorganism to which the practice is addressed, as well as other characteristics that influence both as resistance and survival of the agent, the ability to multiply, the concentration of disinfectant contact duration, ambient temperature, etc. The optimum temperature for liquids used in the cleaning and disinfecting farms is 40 ° C and for the surfaces of 20 ° C. Colder requires higher concentrations; below 10 ° C, the disinfection effect is incomplete. Humidity and air velocity negatively affect most surface disinfectants.
Disinfection should be performed in the same order as wet cleaning, that is, from top to bottom and back to front of the building. It is advisable to know the nature of the surface of the floor, ceiling and walls, to correctly apply disinfectants. The contact time with the surface can vary depending on the type of disinfectant used. Should follow the manufacturer’s recommendations contained in the label.
For application, various methods can be used, including the use of:
In any case, after the exposure time, allowed to dry installation, disinfectant residues are removed and food and water bowls ready before guards are removed. It is recommended to verify the effectiveness with the help of the laboratory. Before repopulate, allowed to “rest” the barn about a week with ventilation.
Transport vehicles are difficult to disinfect, especially in cold weather. disinfection in a separate shed and a minimum temperature of 10 ° C is recommended. Should be cleaned with hot water and excess liquid must be removed by a vacuum cleaner. The concentration of the disinfectant must rise at least three times.The effect is enhanced if carried out a preliminary disinfection before cleaning. The process takes place in four phases:
Usually we proceed to disinfection of facilities and equipment when the warehouse is emptied, cleaned and washed, as with the other materials. Such a situation occurs, optimally, in the course of production systems all in-all out during the resting phase or as a result of bound by an outbreak of an infectious disease depopulation. Optionally, it may be convenient to carry out a plan of environmental disinfection on the warehouse occupied by livestock, in which case it will have a significant impact on the pre-disinfection process, the chosen disinfectant and the method of application. In such circumstances it is impossible to complete cleaning and disinfection before the disinfectant used must be non-toxic and possess biocidal effect when applied as a mist or spray. chemicals that work well in these conditions include for example phenylphenols, hexylresorcinol, resorcinol, cloroxifenol, propylene glycol and trimethylene.
In the case of solid waste (manure) and liquids, particularly when there have been outbreaks of infectious diseases, disinfection task is more complicated. For liquid (slurry) you are required to have equipment that enables efficient distribution and mixing of disinfectant, which must be kept at least one hour. Table 2 lists some recommendations of disinfectants and concentrations for different pathogens. Once disinfected, the slurry can be spread on arable land at a rate of 30 m3 / ha. The solid manure can be treated with burnt lime to get hot enough to sanitize, given that modern operating systems that do not use straw or it is scarce, not efficient thermophilic microorganisms selected for the self-heating.
After work and dinner, couples can enjoy relaxing on the couch, watch a movie in xmovies8 and have dessert. Dogs, eager to participate, they can look expectantly, waiting for an invitation to embrace his family and share dessert.Unfortunately, some foods that are harmless to humans are toxic to dogs.
Chocolate . Chocolate contains the chemical theobromide, which can cause serious problems if ingested, dogs. Chocolate consumption can damage the central nervous system of a dog, heart, lungs and kidneys. Chocolate, cocoa powder and black chocolate are more toxic than milk chocolate, but all varieties are dangerous.Symptoms of poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, hyperactivity, overheating, convulsions, tremors, irregular heartbeat and internal bleeding. Within 12 to 36 hours, dogs can experience sensory sensitivity, stiffness, hallucinations, heart attack, coma and death.
Grapes and raisins . A single serving of raisins or grapes can cause serious illness or death in some dogs. Because the toxin accumulates internally, even a dog that has no negative reaction to these fruits can become extremely ill with time. The first symptoms of poisoning with raisins and grapes include vomiting and diarrhea, followed by lethargy, dehydration, lack of appetite, decreased urine and kidney failure, which can result in chronic renal disease or death.
Onions and garlic . Onion, garlic, onions and shallots contain disulfide, a compound which can damage the red blood cells of dogs. When dogs eat raw onions or garlic, they are at risk of developing hemolytic anemia, which occurs when red blood cells are destroyed and can not be replaced. Eating ways onion powder or garlic in soups or sauces is also toxic. The signs of internal damage, such as weakness, orange urine, tiredness or unjustified resistance movement may not appear for a few days. If you notice these symptoms, immediately take your dog to a veterinarian or emergency clinic, where a blood transfusion may be necessary.
Baking dough . The raw bakery dough contains yeast, which can be dangerous for any dog that ingests. The moist heat of the stomach provides a perfect environment for the yeast in the raw dough rise, which can cause severe discomfort and lead to rupture of the stomach or intestines of the dog. The expansion of the stomach can press against the dog diaphragm, making breathing difficult. If your dog has eaten bread dough has to be examined by a veterinarian immediately.
Nuts . Nuts are unhealthy for dogs, for its high content of phosphorus can lead to bladder stones. Walnuts are poisonous to dogs, like macadamia nuts. Eating even a few macadamia nuts can be harmful, leading to vomiting, muscle pain, joint swelling and general weakness. Dogs that have eaten macadamias may experience hypothermia, dizziness, coordination problems, tremors and high fever. Consult your veterinarian immediately if your dog shows any of these symptoms.
Fatty foods . When dogs like meat and other foods high in fat, but the cooked and raw meat leftovers of meat and fat from meats cut it can cause pancreatitis.Unfortunately, some people feed dogs with leftovers, and dogs sometimes treat themselves to steal food. Pancreatitis in dogs often followed by the consumption of a meal or snack greasy occurs. Your dog may become very sick quickly, and if younotice symptoms such as sudden vomiting, diarrhea and abdominal pain, should be examined by a veterinarian and receive intensive fluid and antibiotic therapy.
Nutmeg . Nutmeg used in cooking or sprinkled on eggnog can be very toxic to dogs, and nutmeg oil can cause damage to the central nervous system. The toxicity of nutmeg can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, muscle spasms, irregular heartbeat, dizziness, tremors, extreme drowsiness, personality changes, seizures and hallucinations. Your dog should be examined by a veterinarian immediately because if treated too late or not treated, nutmeg poisoning can be fatal.
Xylitol . Xylitol is a sweetener used in chewing gum, sugarless candies, and as asweetener added to baked sugarless products. Products containing xylitol should never be given to, or be within reach of dogs. Symptoms of xylitol poisoning include vomiting, lethargy, loss of coordination, erratic behavior, disorientation and seizures.Eating candy, gum or baked goods made with xylitol can cause a severe drop in blood sugar levels, resulting in liver failure. If you suspect your dog has ingested xylitol, it should be taken to a veterinarian or an emergency clinic immediately.
Aguacate . La Fura avocado, leaves, seeds and bark can be toxic to dogs and can cause diarrhea and vomiting. The danger comes from persin, oil soluble toxin found in the avocado fruit and skin. Another danger for dogs is the large avocado seed, which, if ingested, can block the digestive tract and require emergency surgery.
Leather candy . Feed your dog rawhide treats can cause a number of problems.Some rawhide products have tested positive for toxic chemical or bacterial contamination of Salmonella and E. coli substances. If you give your dog rawhide, I them on watch while you are chewing, because it softens and becomes enlarged by the saliva of dog. He is to be removed before being swallowed, as it continues to expand in the stomach or intestines, causing a blockage that may require emergency surgery. Contact your veterinarian immediately if your dog symptoms include nausea, repetitive swallowing, vomiting, diarrhea, signs of pain, lack of energy, loss of appetite or fever.